Sampling and Diversity of Hymenoptera (Insecta) in an Orange Orchard/Brazilian Savannah Fragment Interface

Rogeria Inês Rosa Lara, Daniell Rodrigo Rodrigues Fernandes, Danielle Roberta versuti, Maria Flora de Almeida Tango, Nelson Wanderley Perioto

Abstract


The aim of this work was to assess the diversity of Hymenoptera in an orange orchard / Brazilian savannah fragment interface in Descalvado, State of São Paulo, Brazil, using Moericke, Malaise and pitfall traps. The sampling was carried out from February to June 2006, when 5,148 specimens of Hymenoptera, from 12 superfamilies and 36 families, were caught: Chalcidoidea (1,885 specimens; 36.6% out of the total; 14 families), Ichneumonoidea (715; 13.9%; 2), Vespoidea (554; 10.8%; 5), Apoidea (444; 8.6%; 2), Diaprioidea (430; 8.4%; 2), Chrysidoidea (366; 7.1%; 3), Platygastroidea (340; 6.6%; 2), Ceraphronoidea (211; 4.1%; 2), Cynipoidea (107; 2.1%; 1), Evanioidea (83; 1.6%; 1), Tenthredinoidea (7; 0.1%; 1) and Trigonaloidea (6; 0.1%; 1). The Moericke and Malaise traps installed in the Brazilian savannah fragment were responsible for capturing the highest number of Hymenoptera (2,158 specimens; 41.9% out of the total collected and 1,739; 33.8%, respectively), followed by the Moericke traps placed in the orange orchard (1,123; 21.8%) and by the pitfall traps (128; 2.5%). The results indicate that the diversity of families of Hymenoptera in the Brazilian savannah fragment is greater than in the culture of citrus and expresses the greatest diversity of hosts existing in that environment. The study made clear that the combined use of different kinds of traps allows the capture of a large diversity of Hymenoptera.


Amostragem e Diversidade de Hymenoptera (Insecta) em uma Interface Cultura de Citros/Fragmento de Cerrado


Resumo. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a diversidade de himenópteros de uma interface cultura de citros/fragmento de Cerrado em Descalvado, SP, Brasil, através do uso de armadilhas de Moericke, de Malaise e de pitfall. As amostragens ocorreram entre fevereiro e junho de 2006, quando foram obtidos 5.148 exemplares de himenópteros pertencentes a 12 superfamílias e 36 famílias: Chalcidoidea (1.885 exemplares; 36,6% do total; 14 famílias), Ichneumonoidea (715; 13,9%; 2), Vespoidea (554; 10,8%; 5), Apoidea (444; 8,6%; 2), Diaprioidea (430; 8,4%; 2), Chrysidoidea (366; 7,1%; 3), Platygastroidea (340; 6,6%; 2), Ceraphronoidea (211; 4,1%; 2), Cynipoidea (107; 2,1%; 1), Evanioidea (83; 1,6%; 1), Tenthredinoidea (7; 0,1%; 1) e Trigonaloidea (6; 0,1%; 1). As armadilhas de Moericke e de Malaise instaladas no fragmento de Cerrado capturaram o maior número de exemplares de himenópteros (2.158 exemplares; 41,9% do total coletado e 1.739; 33,8%, respectivamente), seguidas pelas de Moericke instaladas na cultura de citros (1.123; 21,8%) e pitfall (128; 2,5%). Os resultados obtidos indicam que a diversidade de famílias de himenópteros no fragmento de Cerrado é maior do que na cultura de citros e expressa a maior diversidade de hospedeiros existente naquele ambiente. O uso combinado de diferentes tipos de armadilhas possibilitou a captura de maior diversidade de grupos de himenópteros.


Keywords


Biodiversity; Neotropical region; Parasitic Hymenoptera; Sampling; Traps; Amostragem; Armadilhas; Biodiversidade; Himenópteros Parasitoides; Neotrópico.

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