Bioensaio com náiades de Campylocia anceps Eaton, 1983 para avaliação dos metais Cobre (Cu) e Zinco (Zn).

Enide Luciana Lima Belmont, Maria José do Nascimento Lopes, Maria do Socorro Rocha da Silva, Cláudio Rabelo dos Santos-Neto

Abstract


Em Manaus, o processo de desenvolvimento industrial e sócio-econômico, bem como a falta de programas eficientes de controle ambiental tem possibilitado a ocorrência de impactos ambientais especialmente nos igarapés urbanos. Estes impactos resultam na degradação dos recursos hídricos por meio de poluentes orgânicos e inorgânicos oriundos das atividades desenvolvidas no entorno das bacias hidrográficas. Objetivou-se então analisar os teores dos metais cobre e zinco em náiades de C. anceps. O estudo foi realizado em dois afluentes na Bacia do Educandos: o primeiro, foi feita a coleta de C. anceps, está situado na Universidade Federal do Amazonas e, o segundo, foi feita a coleta da água contaminada, igarapé do Quarenta, está situado nas proximidades de fábricas do Distrito Industrial de Manaus. As náiades coletadas no igarapé universidade (água limpa) foram levadas ao laboratório de entomologia, no INPA, onde foram expostas a água contaminada do igarapé do Quarenta , nas concentrações de 100%, 50% ,10%  e um controle com 100% de água limpa. As C. anceps ficaram expostas a esses poluentes por seis dias.  Com três e seis dias foram retiradas para a análise dos metais, no laboratório de química da água. Os teores desses nos mostraram que há uma absorção deste pelas náiades, pois quanto maior a concentração dos metais na água, maior será o valor encontrado nos organismos.


Bioassay with nymph of Campylocia anceps Eaton, 1983 for evaluation of metals copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn).


Abstract. In Manaus, the process of industrial and partner-economic development, as well as the lack of efficient programs of ambient control has made possible the occurrence of ambient impacts especially in narrow river urban. These impacts result in the degradation of the hidrics resources by means of deriving organic and inorganics pollutants of the activities developed in around of the basins hidrografics. It was objectified then to analyze texts of metals couper and zinc in nymphs of C. anceps. The study it was carried through in two narrow rivers in the Basin of the Educandos: the first one, was made the collection of C. anceps, is situated in the Federal University of Amazon and the collection of the contaminated water was made, narrow river of the Quarenta, is situated in the neighborhoods of plants of the Industrial District of Manaus. Nymphs collected in the narrow river university (clean water) had been taken to the entomology laboratory, in the INPA, where they had been displayed the water contaminated of the narrow river of the Quarenta, in the concentrations of 100%, 50%, 10% and a control with 100% of clean water. The nynfphs of C. anceps had been displayed to these pollutants per six days. With three and six days they had been removed for analyzes of metals, in the chemistry laboratory of the water. The texts of these in had shown them that it has an absorption of this for nymphs, therefore how much bigger the concentration of metals in the water, greater will be the value found in the organisms.


Keywords


Amazonas, Euthyplociidae, igarapé do Quarenta, metal pesado, Amazon, Euthyplociidae, havy metal, narrow river of the Quarenta

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